XDrive Photography Learning – 20 – Bokeh

What is bokeh? Well, it means blur (in Japanese). In photography, we create blurs intentionally to hide the things we don’t want our viewer to see. This is done to make sure viewers’ attention goes directly to the subject nothing else.

Bokeh is produced by the lens not the camera itself. Good looking blurs are created by the large apertures. Check out the following images for example.

I am sure at least some people might ask me, “Where is bokeh here?” That’s the exact reason why I put this picture first. The blurring in the background is the actual bokeh (Read: Bokeh means blur)
By composing your shot such as way that bright light source in the background to create traditional circular bokeh highlights.
As your background is further away more bokeh is produced.
Night time and the plenty of light sources in the background is a great opportunity for bokeh highlights.


More you are closer to the subject more the background blur.


Bokeh is basically out of focus rendering. Check the below picture for the in-focus subject. Not interesting right?


It’s equally important that you choose the right background, a contrasty colour generally works better.
Mobile photography also can produce excellent bokeh. Check for appropriate shooting modes such as close up or shallow DOF in your mobile camera software.


Make your viewer only see what you intended them to see.


Portrait shots always demand a bokeh.
It’s easy to have bokeh on close up shots.

How to create them?

  • Have a  lens with the widest aperture.Prime lenses produce better bokeh because of the wide apertures.
  • Have your subject close to the lens as possible.
  • Have your background as far as possible.
  • Look for light sources for rounded bokeh circles.

Well, that’s is for this session. The image with bokeh will look better almost all the times except the landscape photography where you don’t want to have blurred parts.


  1. Post at least one or two pictures you have taken with your camera with the good bokeh. Fresh pictures or existing images are fine. Apply all the things we learnt in the previous sessions.
  2. Let me know type of camera(mobile, DSLR, point and shoot)
  3. Try to put EXIF data (shutter speed, aperture, ISO) so that I can comment better.
  4. Add a tag ‘XDrivePhoto’.
  5. Add a pingback to this post. (Basically, copy the URL of this post, and paste to your post. (Anywhere)
  6. Title the post as “XDrive Photography Learning – 20 – Bokeh.”
  7. Next post will be after the next week, that means you are gonna get two weeks to make your submission. Although you may make your submission any time later too.
  8. Please mention “Critique requested” in your post if you are contributing for the first time here so that I can give my comment on your pictures. 

Your ping-backs may not appear immediately as I have to enable them later. I will check your post, and I will comment on your post if you have requested me to do so. I will post selected contribution links to this post later so that others can also see and learn from them. (Please note there is no time limit for your contributions, you can post them anytime, I will respond to them as you contribute. You can also make more than one contribution to the same topic)

Although these lessons are geared towards newbies, expert photographers also welcomed heartily. I want to learn from you all! There are no teachers here everyone is learning.

Cheers and Happy clicking! All the previous Photography Learning sessions here.




XDrive Photography Learning – 20 – Bokeh


XDrive Photography Learning – 20 – Bokeh (Redo 😉

19 Comments Add yours

  1. zobelloindia says:

    all pictures are very awesome, Keep going.


  2. After long time your wonderful suggestions on photography and lovely pictures

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Raj says:

      Yes Tanvir, I became too busy all of a sudden and couldn’t find any time! Hope I will be regular now. 😊

      Liked by 2 people

  3. InspiresN says:

    wonderful bokeh shots and great tips!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Raj says:

      Thank you Nisha! 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Amy says:

    Cool bokeh series, Raj! Thank you for the lesson. 🙂
    Will be back.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Raj says:

      Thanks Amy. cheers!


  5. brenda says:

    These images are beautiful…the colors brighten up this cold, snow-covered winter day…will be posting soon. Thank you for the lesson and inspiration.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Raj says:

      Thanks, Brenda, snow also gives a great bokeh but you have to choose a right angle making sure some reflections highlights from the snow as your background. 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

      1. brenda says:

        Thank you…it snowed yesterday and it’s cold today so will explore bokeh and snow today…as it may melt tomorrow.

        Liked by 1 person

  6. Kathryn Cave says:

    Really love the images! stunning

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Raj says:

      Thank you, Kathryn… for your appreciation.. 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

  7. arv! says:

    These days even smartphone produces a bit of bokeh effect. Thanks for this informative post.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Raj says:

      Yes arv, some of them may be software rendered. But at the end output matters. 🙂


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